What is Fish Cake in Japanese?






image for what is fish cake in japanese

Fish cake, also known as kamaboko in Japanese, is a popular seafood-based food in Japan. It is made from white fish that is finely ground, formed into a paste, and then steamed until firm. Fish cake has a firm, yet spongy texture and a mild, slightly sweet flavor. It is commonly enjoyed as a topping for udon or ramen noodles, as an ingredient in sushi rolls, or served as a side dish. Fish cake is also a traditional food used in celebrations such as New Year’s and weddings, where it is often shaped into elaborate designs and bright colors. Overall, fish cake plays an important role in Japanese cuisine and culture, and its versatility and delicious taste continue to make it a popular food both in Japan and around the world.

History of Fish Cake in Japan

The Origins of Kamaboko

Fish cakes, known as “kamaboko” in Japanese, have been a staple food in Japan for centuries. The origins of kamaboko date back to the 14th century when a Buddhist monk named Chomei first introduced this food item to the locals. He was inspired by Chinese cuisine and experimented with fish paste made from white fish such as cod and haddock. Since then, kamaboko has become an iconic part of Japanese cuisine.

Development of Different Types

Over time, different regions in Japan started developing their own unique versions of kamaboko using local ingredients. For example, Surimi or fish paste made from pollock became popular on Hokkaido island due to its abundance in the region’s waters. In contrast, red snapper became the preferred choice for making kamaboko in Osaka.

Popularity Amongst the Masses

During World War II when rice was scarce and expensive, people turned to kamaboko as an affordable source of protein. Kamaboko also gained popularity amongst travellers who needed a convenient snack while on-the-go.

Technological Advancements

In recent years there have been many technological advancements that have helped improve production methods whilst maintaining quality standards. For example, machines can now slice kamaboko into thin pieces with precision which makes it perfect for use as toppings or fillers for sushi rolls.

Overall it is evident that Kamobuko has come a long way since its inception over 600 years ago and continues to be an important part of Japanese cuisine today.

Ingredients and Making Process of Fish Cake

Fish cake, or kamaboko, is a popular and versatile seafood-based food in Japanese cuisine. Its firm, yet spongy texture and mild, slightly sweet flavor make it a beloved ingredient in dishes like udon and ramen noodles, sushi rolls, and chawanmushi. Kamaboko also plays an important role in Japanese culture and traditions, symbolizing luck and regional diversity. With its many varieties and accessibility, it continues to be a staple ingredient in many households and a key element in Japanese cuisine.


The main ingredient in fish cake is white fish meat, primarily cod or haddock. Other ingredients that are added to the mixture include egg whites, potato starch or cornstarch, salt, sugar and MSG. The quality of the fish used has a significant impact on the final product’s taste and texture.

Making Process

Step 1: Filleting

The first step in making kamaboko is filleting the fish to remove any bones or skin. The fillets are then washed thoroughly with water to remove any dirt or impurities.

Step 2: Grinding

Next, the whitefish meat is ground into a paste using a food processor or grinder. This paste forms the base for kamaboko.

Step 3: Mixing

To this paste, egg whites are added along with other ingredients such as salt and sugar. Potato starch is also added which acts as a binder that holds everything together.

Step 4: Shaping

The mixture is then shaped into logs using wooden molds called “hiki”. These molds come in different shapes and sizes depending on where they are being sold. The logs can be straight or curved like half-moons known as “chikuwa”.

Step 5: Steaming

Once shaped properly, these logs are steamed for around an hour at high temperatures until they become firm to touch but still have some bounce when pressed lightly.

Step 6: Slicing

After steaming, kamaboko logs can be sliced into thin pieces by hand using sharp knives called “kamaboko bocho” or by machines specifically designed for slicing them evenly.

Kamaboko making requires precision and patience as it takes time to ensure that each log has been cooked correctly before slicing it up into smaller portions. With its unique texture and flavourful taste Kamobuko continues to be one of Japan’s most beloved foods.

Varieties of Fish Cake in Japan

Fish cake comes in various shapes, sizes and flavours. Here are some popular varieties:

Fish cake, or kamaboko, is a popular and versatile seafood-based food in Japanese cuisine. It has a mild, slightly sweet flavor and a firm yet spongy texture, making it perfect for use as a topping for udon or ramen noodles, as an ingredient in sushi rolls, or served as a side dish. Kamaboko is also a traditional food used in celebrations such as New Year’s and weddings, where it is often shaped into elaborate designs and bright colors. With its deep cultural significance, accessibility, and versatility, fish cake continues to be a beloved food both in Japan and around the world.


Chikuwa is one of the most popular fish cakes in Japan. It is made by rolling a mixture of whitefish paste and starch around a bamboo skewer, shaping it into a tube shape and steaming it until firm. The final product is slightly chewy with a mild taste that goes well with other ingredients.


Narutomaki gets its name from the Naruto Strait located between Shikoku and Awaji Island. This fish cake has a unique swirl pattern which resembles the Naruto whirlpools found in that area. Typically made from surimi (fish paste), narutomaki contains pink spiral patterns created by adding red food colouring to the mix.


Satsuma-age originates from Kagoshima prefecture which accounts for more than 90% of all Satsuma-age produced in Japan today. This variety uses ground meat or vegetables mixed with fish paste, then fried until golden brown on the outside while still soft on the inside.


Hanpen is another type of fish cake that’s enjoyed throughout Japan but especially popular in Osaka cuisine. Made from minced whitefish meat mixed with potato starch, hanpen has fluffy texture similar to marshmallows when cooked.


Kamaboko refers to any type of steamed fish cake made from pureed whitefish meat which can be shaped into logs, half-moon shapes or other forms depending on preference or local tradition.

Overall there are many different types of kamaboko available across various regions within Japan each having their own unique flavour profiles making them great options for both snacking and cooking alike!

Cultural Significance of Fish Cake in Japanese Cuisine

Fish cake, or kamaboko, has been an important part of Japanese cuisine and culture for centuries. Here are some reasons why:

Fish cake, also known as kamaboko in Japanese, is a popular and versatile ingredient in Japanese cuisine. It is made from white fish that is ground into a paste, shaped into various forms, and steamed until firm. Fish cake is commonly used in dishes such as udon soup, sushi rolls, and oden. It is also a traditional food used in celebrations and represents regional diversity, tradition, and accessibility. Fish cake has a unique texture and a mild, slightly sweet flavor, making it a delicious and beloved food both in Japan and around the world.


Kamaboko is widely considered a symbol of good luck and fortune. Its white colour represents purity while its pink swirls (in the case of narutomaki) represent happiness. It is often served during celebratory occasions such as weddings or New Year’s Day.


Kamaboko can be eaten on its own as a snack or used in various dishes such as sushi rolls, udon soup and chawanmushi (a type of egg custard). Its versatility has made it a staple ingredient in many Japanese households.


Different regions across Japan have their own unique types of kamaboko with distinct flavours and textures. This means that kamaboko not only represents Japanese cuisine but also regional diversity within the country.


Kamaboko is affordable and widely available throughout Japan making it accessible to people from all walks of life. During World War II when other sources of protein were scarce, kamaboko became an essential source for nutrition among the masses.


The process for making kamobuko has been passed down through generations for over 600 years since the time Buddhist monk Chomei first introduced it to Japan in the 14th century. The tradition surrounding this food item remains strong today with many families continuing to make their own homemade versions using traditional methods passed down through generations.

Fish cake is not just a food item but also an integral part of Japanese culture that holds deep symbolism, tradition and regional significance all wrapped up in one delicious package!

Fish Cake Recipes in Japanese Cuisine

Fish cake, or kamaboko, is a versatile ingredient that can be used in various dishes. Here are some popular recipes that feature fish cake as a main ingredient:


Oden is a traditional one-pot dish popular during the colder months in Japan. It typically consists of various ingredients such as boiled eggs, daikon radish and fish cakes simmered together in a dashi broth flavoured with soy sauce and mirin.

Chirashi Sushi

Chirashi sushi is a type of sushi consisting of sushi rice topped with various ingredients such as sashimi, vegetables and fish cake. The toppings are arranged artfully on top of the rice to create an eye-catching presentation.


Udon soup is another popular dish that features fish cake as an ingredient. The soup typically consists of udon noodles served in a hot dashi broth flavoured with soy sauce and mirin topped with green onions, kamaboko slices and other ingredients.


Yakisoba is a stir-fried noodle dish made by tossing cooked soba noodles with vegetables such as cabbage, carrots and onions along with meat or seafood. Kamaboko can also be added to this dish for extra flavour.


Chawanmushi is similar to custard but savoury instead of sweet. It’s made from eggs mixed with dashi broth which forms the base for the custard-like texture. Kamaboko can be sliced into small pieces and placed at the bottom of each cup before pouring over the egg mixture.

These recipes demonstrate how versatile fish cake can be when used in Japanese cuisine! From oden to yakisoba there are many ways to incorporate this beloved food item into your cooking repertoire!


What is fish cake in Japanese cuisine?

Fish cake, also known as kamaboko, is a popular food item in Japanese cuisine. It is made of minced fish meat which is shaped into a rectangular or cylindrical shape and steamed until firm. The traditional fish used for the kamaboko are white fish such as cod or pollock, but other fishes like mackerel, salmon, and tuna can also be used.

What are the different types of fish cakes available in Japanese cuisine?

In Japan, there is a wide variety of fish cakes available and each region has its unique version. Some of the popular types of fish cakes are white kamaboko, which is made from pure white fish meat, and chikuwa which is a cylindrical-shaped fish cake with a hollow center. Other varieties include hanpen, which is made from minced fish and flour, and satsuma-age which is a deep-fried fish cake made from minced fish and vegetables.

How is Fish cake used in Japanese cuisine?

Fish cake is a versatile ingredient in Japanese cuisine and is used in many ways. It can be served as a stand-alone item, usually as an appetizer or snack, or can be added to dishes like noodles, soups, and stews for texture and flavor. Thinly sliced fish cake is often used as a topping for rice bowls or sushi rolls. In Japanese cuisine, fish cake is considered a staple ingredient and is commonly found in many traditional dishes.

Is fish cake healthy in Japanese cuisine?

Fish cake is a healthy food option in Japanese cuisine as it is made from lean fish meat and contains high levels of protein and omega-3 fatty acids. It is also low in fat and calories, making it a suitable food for those who are watching their weight. However, some varieties of fish cakes may contain additives and preservatives, so it is important to check the ingredients before consuming them. Overall, fish cakes are a delicious and nutritious option in Japanese cuisine.

Jessica Hartley

Share this


How to Make Ginger and Cinnamon Tea

Ginger and cinnamon tea is a delicious and healthy beverage that is easy to prepare and can be enjoyed any time of day. This...

Is Natural Bliss Coffee Creamer Healthy?

<img src="https://images.pexels.com/photos/4424672/pexels-photo-4424672.jpeg?auto=compress&cs=tinysrgb&h=350" alt="image for is Natural Bliss coffee creamer healthy" style="width:100%;"> Coffee can be a morning ritual for many individuals. Whether you brew it at...

Do You Refrigerate Dump Cake?

Dump cake is a beloved dessert in many households due to its simplicity and versatility in flavor. However, one question that often arises when...

Recent articles

More like this


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here